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2010年 12月 07日 ( 6 )

P 7497 長期金利の推移

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by jpflege | 2010-12-07 22:35 | 983 Finance

P 7496 株価の長期推移

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by jpflege | 2010-12-07 22:34 | 983 Finance

P 7495 ワールドプランニング(出版社)

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by jpflege | 2010-12-07 14:52 | 025 dementia

P 7494 From Charity to Welfare Rights ?

Thomas Maeseele, Ghent University

Social Work & Society

Vol.8, 2010. Issue 1

In social work a transition is observed from charity and philanthropy to a right to social welfare as the base for social service delivery (Jacobs 1984; Goodin 1988; Harris 2008). After the Second World War, welfare states were developing rapidly and social security systems were introduced (in Belgium, through the social pact of 1944). In Belgium, the public social services developed through successive changes in the legislation. The most important turning points were the adoption of the law on a Basic Minimum Income (BMI) in 1974 and the law on the Public Centres for Social Welfare (PCSW) in 1976. The BMI was the final piece of the social security system (Simoens et al. 2001). In the law on the PCSW, in article 1 it is stated that everyone has the right to social welfare with the aim of guaranteeing that every citizen can live a life in human dignity. In article 57, it is stated that the community is bound to guaranteeing the right to social welfare and that this right has to be ensured by the PCSW. The law of 1976 is characterised by several scholars (Pieters 1980-1981; Luyten 2008) as a Copernican revolution in the perspective on social welfare and as the transition from charity and philanthropy to a right to social welfare in Belgian social welfare provision. Several scholars however criticise the specific translations made of this right and state that charity is still institutionally and ideologically embedded (Notredame 2005). In that vein, Hubeau (1995) states that the current interpretation of this right tends to be minimalistic. Because rights can be interpreted and implemented in different ways (Ife 2001) and because social workers should be considered as policy makers (Lipsky 1980; Evans & Harris 2004; Roose 2006) it is essential to study concrete social practices to gain insight about the actual situation and consequently about the observed and above mentioned transition.
by jpflege | 2010-12-07 10:29 | 006 social work

P 7493 The Economist の中国論

2010.12.02

TOWARDS the end of 2003 and early in 2004 China’s most senior leaders put aside the routine of governing 1.3 billion people to spend a couple of afternoons studying the rise of great powers. You can imagine history’s grim inventory of war and destruction being laid out before them as they examined how, from the 15th century, empires and upstarts had often fought for supremacy. And you can imagine them moving on to the real subject of their inquiry: whether China will be able to take its place at the top without anyone resorting to arms.

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America and China should try to work multilaterally. Instead of today’s confusion of competing venues, Asia needs a single regional security forum, such as the East Asia Summit, where it can do business. Asian countries could also collaborate more in confidence-boosting non-traditional security, such as health, environmental protection, anti-piracy and counter-terrorism, where threats by their nature cross borders.
by jpflege | 2010-12-07 09:17 | 207 China

P 7492 新潟県の介護政策

産経ニュース 2010.12.07

県は高齢者が安心して暮らせるように、孤立化を防ぐ地域の見守り体制見直しに乗り出した。見守り活動には地域と関係機関の連携、情報共有が不可欠と判断、専門の検討会で連携の在り方や相談窓口体制などを議論している。介護者への効果的な支援策も検討して年内に中間報告をまとめ、来年度予算に反映させる方針だ。
by jpflege | 2010-12-07 09:08 | 103 region Ⅰ