Islam is considered a "threat" by millions of French and Germans, with the vast majority believing Muslims have "not integrated properly", a devastating new poll reveals today.
The Le Monde/IFOP poll sampled 1600 adults - 800 in France and 800 in Germany - on issues relating to Muslim integration, during a single day last month.
Le Monde newspaper runs the results under a headline which brands efforts to get different religious and cultural communities to live side-by-side as a "failure".
Afghan Abdul Wahab swings a heavy sledgehammer down onto a red hot piece of metal to mold it into a truck part, sweat dripping down a face marked with grime and soot from the fire, and with a focus rare for an 11-year-old.
Wahab is one of about 1.2 million Afghan children in part or full time work, the government says, in a country where war, poverty, widespread unemployment and a preference for large families have created a huge underage labor market.
A 2010 study by the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission found that an even larger portion of the country's 15 million children -- up to 40 percent -- were likely to be engaged in some sort of paid work. And aid and rights groups say child labor laws are routinely flouted.
While Afghan children can legally work up to 35 hours a week from the age of 14, they are not allowed to do hazardous jobs like Wahab's work in his father's Kabul blacksmith shop.
"I would like to go to school, but my father's alone here so I must help him," said Wahab, whose shoulders appear broad for his age because of the physical blacksmith work.
Our mission is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world.
The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems. We work with governments to understand what drives economic, social and environmental change. We measure productivity and global flows of trade and investment. We analyse and compare data to predict future trends. We set international standards on all sorts of things, from the safety of chemicals and nuclear power plants to the quality of cucumbers.
We look, too, at issues that directly affect the lives of ordinary people, like how much they pay in taxes and social security, and how much leisure time they can take. We compare how different countries’ school systems are readying their young people for modern life, and how different countries’ pension systems will look after their citizens in old age.
Drawing on facts and real-life experience, we recommend policies designed to make the lives of ordinary people better. We work with business, through the Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD, and with labour, through the Trade Union Advisory Committee. We have active contacts as well with other civil society organisations. The common thread of our work is a shared commitment to market economies backed by democratic institutions and focused on the wellbeing of all citizens. Along the way, we also set out to make life harder for the terrorists, tax dodgers, crooked businessmen and others whose actions undermine a fair and open society.
GREG MANKIEW 教授の
縦軸 平均寿命 25歳 50歳 75歳
横軸 1人当たり所得 400ドル 4000ドル 40000ドル
The global report on recent developments and trends in social security, Dynamic Social Security: Securing social stability and economic development, is published to coincide with the World Social Security Forum, which opens in Cape Town, South Africa, on 29 November.
The Forum is the largest global gathering of social security administrators and policy-makers, and will consider how social security systems can respond to economic upheaval and social transformation.
"A typical star in the universe, we can now say, is in an elliptical galaxy," says study lead author Pieter van Dokkum of Yale. "The surprising thing is only now are we getting a handle on a fundamental thing like the number of stars in the sky." Based on a survey of eight nearby elliptical galaxies, he says the universe likely contains some 300 sextillion stars (that's 300,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars for folks who like big numbers), triple previous estimates.
Russia will host the World Soccer Cup finals in 2018. This decision was made on Thursday at a meeting of the Executive Committee of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) in Zurich. The envelope with the name of the victor country was opened by FIFA President Joseph Blatter.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has expressed joy over the fact that Russia won the right to host the FIFA World Cup finals in 2018.
South Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on Tuesday exchanged fires in waters off the west coast of the divided Korean Peninsula, at least two South Korean marines were killed and 16 others injured.
The Forum will provide an exclusive platform to analyse and debate a range of key issues facing social security today, and includes the following highlights:
• Global developments and trends in social security
• The impact of demographic changes on social security
• Good governance guidelines and management concepts for social security organizations
• ISSA and ILO strategies for the extension of social security coverage
• The contribution of social security to African development
• The World Social Security Summit
• The 30th ISSA General Assembly, and meetings of the ISSA Bureau and the ISSA Council.
＊再掲 P7108 （2010.10.28）
GENEVA. A new report by the International Labour Office (ILO) says that while social security measures have played a critical role in reducing the social impact of economic crises both now and in the past, basic social security coverage remains out of reach for most of the world, especially in low-income countries.
This is the first in a new series of biennial reports that aim to map social security coverage globally, to presenting various methods and approaches for assessing coverage, and to identifying gaps in coverage. Backed by much comparative statistical data, this first report takes a comprehensive look at how countries are investing in social security, how they are financing it, and how effective their approaches are. The report examines the ways selected international organizations (the EU, OECD and ADB) monitor social protection and the correlation of social security coverage and the ILO Decent Work Indicators. The report's final section features a typology of national approaches to social security, with a focus on countries' responses to the economic crisis of 2008 -- and the lessons to be learned, especially concerning the short- and long-term management of pension schemes.
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