カテゴリ:506 poverty( 40 )

P 7782 Fighting persistent poverty

dailymirror, 2011.01.20

*ISSA国際ニュース経由。


A global report card on poverty eradication prepared by the U.N. Secretary-General shows glaring disparities in performance both across and within regions. Economic growth is one evident reason for the progress in East Asia, particularly China, in reducig extreme poverty and raising living standards, in contrast to sub-Saharan Africa, parts of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, which continue to remain laggards. Yet, large sections of the world's population risk being left out. For instance, of the 900 million who are predicted to be in extreme poverty in 2015, India is expected to be home to more than 300 million, and sub-Saharan Africa would have more than a third of its population in poverty. Not to be forgotten, in the midst of the encouraging global data that point to a world largely on track to meet the Millennium Declaration's target of halving the proportion of people living on less than a dollar-a-day between 1990 and 2015, is that there is a large section that remains vulnerable. Applying the World Bank's $2-a-day poverty line, for instance, would lead to a dramatic rise in the figures of the poor in developing countries.
[PR]
by jpflege | 2011-01-23 05:26 | 506 poverty

P 7663 conditional cash transfers

英語版 wiki

Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs aim to reduce poverty by making welfare programs conditional upon the receivers' actions. The government only transfers the money to persons who meet certain criteria. These criteria may include enrolling children into public schools, getting regular check-ups at the doctor's office, receiving vaccinations, or the like.

According to the World Bank, "Conditional cash transfers provide money directly to poor families via a “social contract” with the beneficiaries – for example, sending children to school regularly or bringing them to health centers. For extremely poor families, cash provides emergency assistance, while the conditionalities promote longer-term investments in human capital."
[PR]
by jpflege | 2011-01-05 12:39 | 506 poverty

P 7662 世界銀行と貧困削減〈日本語22コマ)

HP

TOP
[PR]
by jpflege | 2011-01-05 12:24 | 506 poverty

P 7660 NYTimes, 貧困の克服

2011.01.03

The city of Rio de Janeiro is infamous for the fact that one can look out from a precarious shack on a hill in a miserable favela and see practically into the window of a luxury high-rise condominium. Parts of Brazil look like southern California. Parts of it look like Haiti. Many countries display great wealth side by side with great poverty. But until recently, Brazil was the most unequal country in the world.

Today, however, Brazil’s level of economic inequality is dropping at a faster rate than that of almost any other country. Between 2003 and 2009, the income of poor Brazilians has grown seven times as much as the income of rich Brazilians. Poverty has fallen during that time from 22 percent of the population to 7 percent.
[PR]
by jpflege | 2011-01-05 06:14 | 506 poverty

P 7515 腐敗する世界:Transparency International

Aljazeera, 2010.12.09

One person in four worldwide has paid a bribe during the past year, according to a study released on Thursday to mark International Anti-Corruption Day.

The study, by the Berlin-based non-governmental agency Transparency International, focuses on small-scale bribery and was put together from polls conducted among more than 91,000 people in 86 countries and territories.

In the past 12 months, one in four paid a bribe to one of nine institutions, such as health, education or tax authorities, according to the 2010 Global Corruption Barometer.

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[PR]
by jpflege | 2010-12-10 04:12 | 506 poverty

P 7510 Rural Poverty Report 2011

Aljazeera, 2010.12.07

*ビデオ 23分26秒

LONDON, NEW DELIE, NEW TOWNおよびDOHAとの4元放送

世界の総人口67億人のうち14億人は貧困。その7割は農村部に住む。

Rural Poverty Report は、10年に1度発行される。
1978年に創設されたIFADによって刊行された。

New realities, new challenges: new opportunities for tomorrow's generation. That is the latest Rural Poverty Report issued by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

According to the report, this is where we stand in 2010. The global population is 6.7 billion people, out of which, the report says 1.4 billion live in extreme poverty. More than 70 per cent of them live in rural areas of developing countries. Nearly one billion do not have enough to eat.
[PR]
by jpflege | 2010-12-08 18:44 | 506 poverty

P 7021 International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

UN

Through resolution A/RES/47/196 adopted on 22 December 1992, the General Assembly declared 17 October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty and invited all States to devote the Day to presenting and promoting, as appropriate in the national context, concrete activities with regard to the eradication of poverty and destitution.
[PR]
by jpflege | 2010-10-18 17:54 | 506 poverty

P 6915 Hunger index shows one billion without enough food

BBC 2010.10.11

The 2010 Global Hunger Index shows that child malnutrition is the biggest cause of hunger worldwide, accounting for almost half of those affected.

Countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia were shown to have the highest levels of hunger.
[PR]
by jpflege | 2010-10-12 17:24 | 506 poverty

P 6765 UNICEF chief

Japan Times

As executive director of the United Nations Children's Fund, Anthony Lake is a fierce defender of children — especially the poorest and most marginalized — and believes they should be a focal point as world leaders gather in New York to work on a set of antipoverty goals.
[PR]
by jpflege | 2010-09-28 00:48 | 506 poverty

P 6708 スウェーデン:難民の増大

The Local, SE

A recent spike in the number of asylum seekers coming to Sweden has forced the Migration Board (Migrationsverket) to convert a campground on Sweden’s west coast into temporary housing for would-be refugees.
[PR]
by jpflege | 2010-09-23 09:38 | 506 poverty